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No 19
Vol. 19 No. 9
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The bet has different divisions according to different credits. One of its divisions is the validity of the relationship and its non-relationship with the contract. In this division, the condition is divided into two types, elementary and implicit. The initial condition is a condition that is independent and is not included in another contract, but an implicit condition is a condition that is included in another contract. Implicit terms are divided into explicit and implicit categories. The explicit condition is a condition that is included in another contract and is specified in it, unlike the non-approved condition which, although it is present in the contract, is not stated. The validity of unauthorized terms has been debate.Some jurists have claimed that the non-permissible conditions are not valid, citing the phrase "only the solution of the word and the prohibition of the word". According to the narrations that contain this phrase, it can be argued that only a condition can be valid, which is expressed verbally and the non-mentioned conditions are not valid. The jurists have offered various possibilities regarding the meaning of these narrations. The only possibility that can prove this claim is that "word" means the word and "only" implies exclusion. Examining all the available possibilities, it was concluded that this possibility is rejected and the mentioned narrations cannot distort the validity of the unauthorized conditions.
- s s
Keywords : Solvent word, Muharram word, implicit condition, non-approved condition, contract
The hadith of Ziyārat al-Arba‘īn (visiting Imam Husayn’s tomb forty days after his martyrdom) has two major paths ending (in the isnads) with Imam al-Ṣādiq (‘a.s.). Such early and late traditionists as Shaykh al-Ṭūsī in his Miṣbāḥ al-Mutahajjid and Tahdhīb al-Aḥkām, al-Shahīd al-Awwal in his al-Mazār and Shaykh al-Ḥurr al-‘Āmilī in his Wasā’il al-Shī‘ah have all mentioned this tradition and some of them have issued their fatwas accordingly in their works. The hadith of Ziyārat al-Arba‘īn is a strategic hadith about visiting the tomb of Imam Husayn (‘a.s.) on the twentieth day of the month of Safar in Karbala. The Imami scholars of hadith have had two expositions (taqrīr) for this hadith: Some believe that this tradition apparently denotes that the pilgrim should be present in Karbala and should leave it towards his homeland after a short stay. Some others do not deduce from this tradition the presence of the pilgrim in Karbala but rather they consider it as a hadith with a weak isnad and void of authoritativeness (ḥujjiyyah). Therefore, this article deals – on the one hand – with the evaluation of the isnad of this hadith by applying a descriptive-analytical method. On this basis it has become clear that an unknown narrator exists in either of these two paths, and as a result and based on the science of dirāyat al-ḥadīth one of these two paths is deemed weak, but the other one is authentic. Similarly, the evaluation of this hadith by the criterion of the Qur’an, and considering the opinions of Imami scholars can compensate the weakness of its isnad. Because after the text of this tradition is analyzed, it becomes ascertained that it does not contradict the Qur’an. Also, by resorting to the rule “the companion’s act in accordance with this hadith compensates the weakness in the isnad” it can be considered as valid. After this analysis on the hadith, it can be dealt with as a tradition [definitely] issued by the Infallibles.
seyyed mohammad mousavi - mortaza sazjini - Mustafa Abbasi Muqaddam
Keywords : : Imam Husayn (‘as), Ziyārat al-Arba‘īn, validity assessment of the isnad and denotation
An origin of the belief in auspiciousness or inauspiciousness of temporal units can be traced in the traditions of hadith collections. An essay on such traditions may apparently guide one to act according to their content. However, reviewing the issue of fabricated traditions (riwāyāt mawḍū‘ah) and their classification makes the other side of the coin clear, that is the invalidity of the idea that the phenomena have influence on the generation of auspiciousness or inauspiciousness. Such criteria as: Qur’an-basedness, consulting with the indisputable traditions, behavioral models of the Prophet (s.‘a.w) and the Imams (‘a.s.) and the judgment of the developed intellect are the most valuable tools for evaluation of the discourses that have been attributed to the Infallibles. Having applied a descriptive-analytical method and having used the library-oriented sources, this article aims at assessing the validity of the main theme o traditions that deem Wednesday inauspicious. By means of working methods for criticizing the content, such as consulting with the Qur’an, the indisputable precedent (sunnnah qat‘iyyah), life and conduct of the Infallibles and the judgment of the intellect, this article concludes that the supposition of inauspiciousness of Wednesday is denied.
Keywords : : inauspiciousness, Wednesday, traditions, criticism of the content, intrinsic and extrinsic
تذکرة الشهداء میرزا حبیب شریف کاشانی (م 1340 هـ) از جمله آثاری است که در چگونگی نقل واقعه کربلا تأثیر فراوانی نهاده است، این اثر به سبب اشتمال بر اخبار ضعیف، به گونه ای است که پایه واساسی برای نقل علما و وعاظ و مادحین شیعی شده است. مسئله پژوهش پیش‌ رو بررسی متفرّدات روایی اوست که نخستین بار از این کتاب برخاسته و به دیگر منابع وارد شده است. مقتل‌ الحسین (ع) این کتاب، در برخی موارد با سنّت، عقل و عرف، وقایع مسلّم و یا روایات تاریخی دیگر ناسازگار بوده و در مواردی شأن امام معصوم (ع) و یا خاندان ایشان خدشه‌ دار شده به گونه‌ای که رکاکت معنوی سبب بی‌ پایه دانستن گزارش وی خواهد بود. اهمیت پرداختن به این کتاب ازاین روست که پایه نقل عالمان و واعظان در قرن پس از خود شده است؛ ضمن اینکه شیعه را تحت تأثیر اعتقاداتی خاص قرار داده است. این مقاله می‌کوشد با رویکردی تحلیلی وانتقادی، روایات تحریفی مهم و برجسته آن را در سنجه نقد نهد.
mohsen rafat
Keywords : تذکرةالشهداء،مقتل الحسین(ع)،روایات عاشورایی،شریف کاشانی،تحریفات
یکی از کتاب‌هایی که در دهه‌ها اخیر چاپ شده و مورد توجه و استناد در نوشته‌ها قرار می‌گیرد، کتاب مناقب منسوب به محمد بن سلیمان کوفی است. این کتاب، وضعیت مبهمی دارد؛ که در این مقاله ضمن گزارش برخی از مسائل کتاب، به بررسی برخی از ابهامات قابل توجه آن پرداخته می‌شود. کتاب در منابع شیعی امامیه و سنی، شناخته شده نیست؛ و تا سال چاپ کتاب، اطلاع روشنی از آن در آثار و مقالات به چشم نمی‌خورد؛ و در فهارس نیز معرفی نگشته است. نسخه‌های کتاب مناقب، مشکلات اساسی دارند و انتساب این کتاب به محمد بن سلیمان کوفی (م322ق) دقیقاً روشن نیست. در کل منابع حدیثی شیعه، فقط یک حدیث از وی وجود دارد. حتی نام محمد بن سلیمان کوفی نیز، در منابع حدیث و رجالی شیعه، ناشناخته و مجهول است؛ و اطلاعاتی پیرامون وی وجود ندارد. همچنین، اکثر مشایخ حدیثی کتاب مناقب منسوب به کوفی، مجهول هستند؛ و غالب احادیث مرسل و بسیاری از احادیث کتاب نیز، متفردات هستند
Keywords : البراهین الصریحة، مناقب، محمد بن سلیمان کوفی، منابع شیعه

ابتداقبلی12بعدیانتها مشاهده 1 تا 5 ( از 10 رکورد)